Saturday, May 17, 2014

How To Pick A Title For Your Novel



Choosing a title for your novel should be fun, right? So why is it often so frustrating?

I think it’s because there are so many requirements for a good title. It has to tell the reader, in a general way, what the book is about. It also has to convey the tone of the book -- a light, amusing title for a lighthearted novel, a heavy, ominous title for a dark, creepy thriller. It can’t be too similar to titles of other recently published or very well-known books. And it shouldn’t carry the baggage of unwanted associations. Above all, it has to be catchy.

One could argue that novelists shouldn’t worry so much about titles. This is an area where the publisher has the final say, because the title is so important to the marketing of the book. The author can make suggestions, but the publisher has veto power. And I’ve learned that the best titles often come out of brainstorming sessions between the author and editor after the book is finished. But I can’t start a novel without giving it at least a working title. I can’t just call it a work-in-progress. Would you call one of your kids a work-in-progress? (Although that’s what children are, really.)

I’ve written four published novels, and each had a working title that was different from its ultimate title. When I started writing the first book I called it “The Theory of Everything” because it was about a dangerous secret theory developed by Albert Einstein to explain all the forces of Nature. (Einstein himself called it Einheitliche Feldtheorie, the unified field theory.) But that wasn’t such a great title for a thriller. It seemed better suited to a literary novel. (And, in fact, there are several literary novels titled “The Theory of Everything.”) So my editor and I put our heads together and came up with “Final Theory.” That seemed more compelling and yet still true to the subject of the book, because physicists believe that if they ever do discover a theory of everything, it will also be a final theory (because they will have nothing fundamental left to discover).

My second novel was a sequel to the first, and I gave it the working title “Quantum Crash” because it was about an attempt to crash the program of the universe. Because the universe is inherently mathematical, some physicists have speculated that reality is the result of a cosmic program; the laws of physics are the operating instructions of this program, while matter and energy are the data being crunched. The problem with this title was the word “quantum.” I think the publisher was worried it would scare off some readers. My editor proposed the title “The Omega Theory,” which had the advantage of conveying that the book was a sequel to the first novel. Luckily, there is a concept in physics called the omega point, and I was able to work this into the book’s plot.

My third book was a stand-alone novel about the merger of man and machine. The working title was “Swarm” because the book’s villain employs swarms of cyborg insect drones -- live houseflies with implanted radio controls and bio-weapons -- to attack the heroes. But that title didn’t convey the general premise of the novel, which describes the rise of a man-machine network that seeks to exterminate the human race. So my editor and I came up with “Extinction,” which was much better.

My fourth novel (which just came out) is another stand-alone, this one about an ancient clan of witches who have steered the course of human history for centuries. I gave it the working title “Ariel” because that was the name of the heroine, but I knew it would never fly as the ultimate title because of all the “Little Mermaid” associations. In the end my editor and I settled on the title “The Furies,” which are Greek mythological witches of a sort. I changed the name of the witch clan to Fury so that the book’s title would better fit its content.

And right now I’m writing a novel about an alien invasion, and I’ve given it the working title “Interstellar.” But I’m pretty sure this won’t be the title when the book is published because there’s a movie called “Interstellar” that’s scheduled to come out by the end of the year. I just viewed the trailer for the movie and it looks pretty cool. But my novel, whatever it’s ultimately called, will be very different.

4 comments:

  1. I have been thinking about a title called "The Swarm" which would be about swarm technology run amok on a grand scale, where nobody would actually realized that The Swarm had taken over everything--you name it. Everything would appear normal on the surface. Politicians are still idiots making stupid decisions that cost "us" for centuries. But that's only the fluff for mass consumption. What's behind everything is the grand scheme being executed by The Swarm. Even Jeraldo would be revealed to be a fictive drone that would at once excite the right and left appropriately. And the news would be generated by guess who? Yup. The Swarm again.

    Wow. What an inspiration, Mark. Thanks a million. Now we need Basil to take this ball and run with it. I'd write it, but the title has already been used and it's got B*A*S*I*L written all over it. Perhaps we could just change the title to: MRAWS EHT . I like it. What's you're publisher think about that one?

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  2. "Would you call one of your kids a Work in Progress?" Ha ha! Love it. Well, if I had kids, I probably would.

    This article spoke directly to me, too.
    I'm three books into a series and I still have no real title.
    For a submission of one part to a writer's symposium, I gave it the last-ditch title of "Murder of Crows" (because they are integral to the story and it was moody enough to suit the storyline.)

    Of course, I immediately got back more criticism on the working title than I did the ms piece! Someone told me it was "too close to George R R Martin's novel."

    All I could think back then was: "Who the hell is George RR Martin and why would I care?"

    Well, now I know. And the "working title" went in the trash.

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  3. Mark--
    It just seems like a crapshoot to me. So many books and so many titles--which ones work and which don't? My most recent printed book purchase was for The Way of All Fish, by Martha Grimes. I was unfamiliar with the author, but I picked it up in Barnes & Noble and read the jacket copy because I understood the title's pun: it alludes to Samuel Butler's novel The Way of All Flesh. Not knowing the writer or understanding the pun, I am sure I would have passed by the book. Lucky I didn't, it's hilarious, and Grimes has a new fan.

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  4. How about A Murder of Joes? Or A Murder of Moes? Or A Murder of Martins? Don't give up on that one. It's got a ring to it. Maybe A Murder of Schmoes? I think this last one's an absolute winner.

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