Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Why you need an editer.
Ah, make that an editor...


By. P.J. Parrish

Editors have been weighing heavily on my brain of late. Mostly because right now I don’t have one. And don't it always seem as though you don't know what you've got til it's gone?

Kelly and I are between contracts and are working on a stand alone that is sort of different for us. So we don’t know if it will ever find a home in the traditional publishing arena. This is fine with us. It’s exciting (and scary) to work without a net. We haven’t done this in more than a decade, so I remember now what many of you are going through – that feeling of walking alone in a dark forest, not knowing for sure if you are on the right path.

But I also read a couple of things this week that got my brain churning about the value of good editors.

I read a comment on a writing blog from a self-published author who wrote: "When I finished the novel, I put it into the hands of a few big-time publishing houses. They all told me the same thing. 'We like the writing, but in order for us to sell it, you have to rewrite this and rewrite that, then send it back to us.' I wasn't about to start rewriting my book so that maybe some traditional publisher would take it."

And, I just got an email from an unpublished writer whose manuscript I critiqued for charity a while back. This writer had a good idea, an engaging character, even a nice voice. But all that was obscured by the usual craft problems (wavering POV, throat-clearing opening, unclear physical action, too many characters introduced too quickly, adverbitis...) But this writer stuck to it, rewrote and rewrote, got an agent who made her rewrite some more. She just sold that mystery as part of a three-book deal and was writing to tell me the good news.

Which of these two has the right attitude? (Put aside the question of whether you should go traditional vs self-publishing for a moment). This is not a trick question. It if were, why don't more writers get it?

You need an editor.

I need an editor.

Every writer needs an editor.

Now before I go any further, let's get our terms straight. I don't mean a copy editor (the comma and lay/lie arbiter). I am talking about the first reader of your book after you turn it in, the person who can tell you if you've tangled your plot in digressions, misunderstood your hero's motivation, or picked the wrong bad guy. The Big Picture Guy or Girl who understands what you are going for in your book and helps you get there.

Let me get back to my own experience for a moment. Because we collaborate, Kelly and I edit each other's writing. But we know that isn't enough, as Joe Moore here can attest. We know we need the entity we have come to call The Cold Third Eye.

Why? Because we, like all writers, we live our story with every breath we take, intimately for months on end. Every day, it is playing on those screens in our heads, and we can see everything so clearly. But as with any writer, there is often a disconnect between that screen and our fingers as they hit the computer keys. Something misfires, something is lost in translation.

That is where the Cold Eye comes in. This is the person who tells you where you have gone astray. The Cold Eye (aka the editor) usually communicates in the form of the dreaded Revisions Letter, a document that can run as long as a legal brief and be just as scary. Even more scary these days with the advent of Word Review Mode. Now, getting this feedback is tough and sometimes writers get a tad defensive about it. Here are the kind of comments you might see in a revision letter -- and how some writers might react:

Editor: Think about making this a prologue.
Author: What? Prologues are strictly bush-league! It's the crutch of every bad writer! I won't do it! You can't make me!

Editor: I think X is a wonderful complex character but her relationship with Y is underwritten.
Author: But X doesn't really love Y, so it's supposed to be without passion!  I'm not writing romantic suspense here! Geez...

Editor: Is all this stuff between Y and Z necessary? Cut as much as possible.
Author: But I need this scene because it illuminates Y's motivation while introducing two quirky secondary characters who help convey the small-town setting! 

Editor: Unclear whether X or Y is asking this. And they just don't seem to be as concerned about the evidence tampering as the reader will be. This whole plot element doesn't land properly.
Author: Doesn't this guy watch Cops? Police do this kind of stuff all the time! It's completely believable!

Editor: Timeline problem: Is this the same day or a week later?
Author: This is a simple linear plot! A ten-year-old could follow this, for god's sake. 

Editor: "X pursed her lips." You use pursed lips too many times.
Writer: (sigh...)

Editor: Think about making this an epilogue
Writer (Gigantic sigh...)

Okay, for the record, these are actual comments from one of our editors for our book A Thousand Bones. His revision letter was seven pages, single-spaced. And you know what? Once we got over ourselves and went back into the manuscript to see what he was talking about, we realized he was spot-on about everything.

Chapter 1 works better as a prologue, making us rethink the advice we have given to other writers over the years that prologues don't work. Sometimes they do. In other words, there are no fast rules.

The romantic relationship we had set up in our book WAS underwritten. Our experience writing hard-boiled stuff had made us squeamish about mucking about in such emotions, so we had tried to ignore it. Result? Anemic character development that didn't set up the impact we were going for at book's end.

The scene he asked us to cut with our beloved quirky secondary characters was nicely written but useless. We had fallen in love with the sound of our own words and disobeyed one of our own prime tenets of crime writing: If it does not advance the story in some way, take it out.

The part about the evidence tampering? Technically, we were right in that the scene we had written was true to life. We knew this; we had done our homework. But sometimes the truth isn't true in fiction. If your reader can't buy into the reality you are creating on the page, you have to bend reality enough to make it feel right and help your plot. Or as Stanley Kubrick once said: “It may be realistic, but it's not interesting.”

The timeline problem our editor noted? Here is the perfect example of author blindness. Kelly and I saw our story perfectly in our heads. We had even story-boarded it and charted the timeline on a graph. But the way we had written it was confusing, and we couldn't see it. You have to slow down and stick in enough time and place signposts so your reader doesn't get lost. Lost = confused. Confused = angry. Angry = book thrown across the room.

Pursing lips? Well, that's our Author Tic. Every writer has one or two. You just don't see 'em. The Cold Eye does.

And yes, we changed the last chapter to an Epilogue.

So, what's the lesson here? Find your Cold Eye. Unfortunately, it may not be easy. Being published by a "real" publisher is no guarantee you'll get a talented editor. And in today’s Wild West self-publishing world, there are some scammers out there ready to take your money for no real help. Our own Jodie Renner had a great post on this recently. Click here to read it. And some editors, truth be, are just bad and meddling. Raymond Chandler once wrote to his publisher:
"Would you convey my compliments to the purist who reads your proofs and tell him or her that I write in a sort of broken-down patois which is something like the way a Swiss waiter talks, and that when I split an infinitive, God damn it, I split it so it will stay split, and when I interrupt the velvety smoothness of my more or less literate syntax with a few sudden words of bar-room vernacular, that is done with the eyes wide open and the mind relaxed but attentive."
But that rare good editor? That person won't kill your style. But neither will he tell you you're brilliant (that's mom's job) or that your stuff is a million times better than James Patterson's (that's your hopeful spouse). A good editor -- your Cold Eye -- will tell you how to be better than you already are.

I leave you with one more quote, this one from James Thurber:

"Editing should be a counseling rather than a collaborating task. The [editor] should say to himself, 'How can I help this writer to say it better in his own style?' and avoid 'How can I show him how I would write it, if it were my piece?'"

P.S. I have no editor for this blog. It is self-published. Any mistakes are mine alone, God help me...

17 comments:

  1. In my blog yesterday I answered four questions, and the only sentence I highlighted was, "Hire a content editor". If it wasn't for Mary Rosenblum my ms would still be taking up space in the bottom drawer of my desk.

    Mary was spot on with all her recommendations and when the time came for Jayde, from Divertir Publishing, to go through my book it was easy, and actually fun. We both enjoyed it.

    Great advice, Kris, I sincerely hope all authors take it to heart.

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  2. Excellent post. I'm preparing my MS to go to Jodie in the next month. I'm both looking forward to the edit and dreading it.

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    1. Brian, you will be in good hands. :)

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  3. Editors are like barbers. Everyone should have one, otherwise things never turn out quite right.

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  4. Yes on all of this. I went through both with a short piece I have buried under a pen name. The editor caught my writing tic, ("He felt . . . " "He saw . . .")

    It was a great experience. Then the "accuracy/continuity" editor came in and that was hilarious.

    The tale was cowboy erotica set in the old west (or at least a TV version of the old west.) She started hammering on historical details. I was right on all of them (like when Levi jeans were introduced and rodeos and such.)

    However, since the point was, um, well, um, you know . . . rather than pinpoint pedantic historical detail, I had to throw an authorial tantrum, especially in the dialogue and some double-entendre jokes I had thrown in. The readers have expectations in the genre and they have to be met.

    In the end, the primary editor backed me up. I learned a lot in that experiment - well worth it.

    Terri

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    1. Interesting, Terri. As your experience attests, it's a give-and-take relationship. A good editor knows when to press her point but also when to back off. And a smart writer knows when to trust and when to stand her ground. Our butts have been saved on more than one occasion by a great continuity editor...they catch time discrenpencies, anachronisms, and when you change a character's eye color mid-book.

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  5. Excellent advice. I've been fortunate with my publishing house editors. But if I were to self-publish a new, original work of fiction, I'd definitely hire a freelance editor. It's an essential step. As you say, that extra set of eyes is imperative.

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    1. We are also working on a book we will most likely self-publish, Nancy. So we will be shopping for a good line editor this fall. Not going to go it alone...

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  6. Interesting - I've never hired a freelance editor but rely on my beta readers and agent to be my 'editors' before the MS goes out. I'm not sure if that's a good strategy or not... Do you think it's important to hire an editor rather than use just agent/beta readers?

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  7. Excellent post. As a writer and a reader, I wish more writers had good editors! I'm gonna tweet and FB this post.

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  8. Good luck with this stand-alone project and finding the perfect editor for it, Kris! :-)

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  9. PJ--
    Everything you say here is painfully true. And it is made more painful and more true when you factor in the agent--well, factor. I had two novels in succession taken on by two different agents. Obviously they thought well enough of my work to take me on--and who was I, the writer, to question their good taste? But as I have come to understand years later, these two agents were not good at seeing what was wrong with my novels. They liked them for reasons of their own, reasons that apparently obscured for them the flaws that the editors they sent my stuff to did see.
    But without referrals from someone the writer can trust, it's something like playing darts to pick that gun-for-hire editor who can read what you've written and provide a truly useful and reliable report.

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    1. Barry, I wonder if the days of agents being great beta readers and editors are over? When I was starting out, my agent gave me great editorial guidance, but I get the feeling this is not the norm now. And the quality of editing in publishing houses has gone down as well.

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  10. A postscript to my own post:

    I just got back from my critique group. I showed them the Powerpoint I had done for the Edgar Awards. (Kelly and I are banquet chairs and we produce the videos and PP presentation of the nominated books). My first PP slide says:

    Welcome to the 68th Annual Edgar Allen Poe Awards.

    Good grief...thankfully, one of my critique mates caught the error.

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  11. The quotes are just lovely. I've done some editing over the years--not only my work, but the work of others. One time, the writer broke down in hysterical tears. I could have crawled into a hole. And this was in a room full of people.

    To paraphrase: "Vee don't need zee Edit-tour do vee?" This said just prior to Dracula eating the editor.

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  12. So Kris -- where would an interested editor go to apply? :)

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  13. Love this post -- and what a fantastic Peanuts comic! Thanks for the great find :)

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