I've been reading a great book on writing for children and YA called 'Writing Irresistible KidLit' by Mary Kole and, apart from wishing I'd read it a little earlier (for it encapsulates all the elements that make any novel great), I was particularly interested in the comments surrounding the need for emotional resonance. Kole writes that when she puts down most manuscripts or submissions she's left wondering "And? So what?" She notes that all too often a book fails to create sufficient emotional resonance to make the reader care - and all too often this is because the writer hasn't built in enough conflict.
Just a few weeks ago I experienced the exact thing Kole was writing about. I was only a couple of chapters into the final instalment in a very popular YA trilogy when I put down the book and thought "So what?" The story had totally lost any kind of emotional resonance for me.There was no longer any conflict that I cared about between the characters, and (as a result) I couldn't be bothered continuing to read. To be fair, I did keep reading but I found myself skimming the pages until the end hoping that there would be a point at which I became reinvested in the story.
Often when we talk about the craft of writing we focus on elements such as characterisation, setting, style, plot and structure. Embedded within all of these are the need to establish a strong voice and the need to make a reader care enough to keep turning the pages. However the issue of emotional resonance can be just as tricky to explain as the concept of 'voice' in some one's writing. You know it when you see it, just as you know when it's not there - but it can be a pretty difficult concept to wrangle to the ground.
So, mulling over this rather slippery concept of emotional resonance, I thought of a few key elements, namely:
- High stakes for characters that have believable motivations and emotions;
- High conflict between these characters, who face life changing events that a reader cannot help but become invested in; and
- A greater ('bigger') question that touches upon core emotional needs that readers identify can with...
Central to all of these is conflict (both between and within the characters) - which is exactly what was missing from the book I just tried to finish. As I grapple with final edits to a current WIP, I have the issue of emotional resonance now firmly in my mind. I don't want my agent or an editor finishing it, putting it down, and saying "And? So what?"(!)
So fellow TKZers, how would you characterise emotional resonance? How do you try to achieve it in your own writing? And have you ever put down a book because (like me) you found yourself saying "So what?"...